Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction Programme (CMDRR)  
 

The involvement of Kalvi Kendra, in tsunami relief and re-construction works brought to light the vulnerability of the poor, especially the Dalits who live in low-lying areas, to the vagaries of nature. As their houses are made of mud walls and thatched roof, the high velocity wind and rain claims the human lives and damage instantly their houses displacing them to take shelter in schools and concrete houses of other people in the community. This happens with every flood and cyclone every year.

In the last few years, Kalvi Kendra has taken up disaster risk reduction (DRR) programmes in which disaster preparedness for long time and livelihood support are important components. With the community and panchayati raj institutions (Local Government) playing key roles and taking full responsibility for planning and implementing of the DRR programmes.  Kalvi Kendra has evolved a unique community-managed DRR model and that is being replicated in several parts of India.

Objective:
The prime objective of the programme is to raise capacity of the poor and marginalized who are more vulnerable to natural and man-made disaster to restore their lives from the damages and losses caused by the disaster. 

Strategies of Kalvi Kendra in Implementation of CMDRR

  1. Involving the communities to carry out Risk assessment by identifying and analysing vulnerabilities, hazards and capacities in the communities by applying participatory methods.
  2. Mobilizing the people into different peoples’ institutions, capacitate them to address the disaster jointly by reducing the vulnerabilities.
  3. Awareness generation and motivation on DRR through cultural actions, training programmes, workshops, meetings and dissemination of IEC materials.
  4. Evolving micro planning (Contingency & Development plans) by and for the community on the findings of risk assessments.
  5. Make the community to mobilize local resources (Taping Govt sources, availing credit support from the financial institutions and raising community contribution)
  6. Motivating and involving PRI the elected local government leaders to monitor the DRR activities and involve lobby and advocacy with the government to influence the policies.
  7. This process is achieved through a strong DRRMC (Disaster Risk Reduction Management Committee) and Task forces formed and strengthened at the community level.

Achievement :

In the CMDRR programme, community involves in

  • Identifying the vulnerabilities of various categories at the community level
  • Grading the vulnerabilities according to the magnitude of the risks,
  • Evolving the risk reduction measures and implementing & monitoring jointly.

This programme achieve protection of lives, livelihoods of the poor & margenalized and infrastructure of the community.